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How do the Himalayas affect the climate and weather of South Asia?

How do the Himalayas affect the climate and weather of South Asia?

The Himalayas have a profound effect on the climate of the Indian subcontinent and the Tibetan Plateau. They prevent frigid, dry winds from blowing south into the subcontinent, which keeps South Asia much warmer than corresponding temperate regions in the other continents.

How do the Himalayas cause rainfall?

The Himalayas mainly get rain from the monsoon winds blowing in from the south. As the winds are obstructed by the high Himalayas, they condense and give heavy rainfall to the southern slopes of the Himalayas, which lie on the windward side of the mountains.

Why are the Himalayas important to South Asia?

In addition to providing surface and groundwater, the Himalayan mountain system provides huge inputs to agriculture through regulating micro-climates as well as wind and monsoon circulation, and by supporting river and wetland ecosystems in South Asia.

Which kind of rainfall takes place in Himalayas?

3 METEOROLOGICAL SITUATIONS CAUSING HEAVY RAINFALL OVER THE HIMALAYAN REGION. As stated earlier, the monsoon rainfall in the Himalayas is mainly orographic, resulting in distinct variations in rainfall between the southern and the northern slopes of the Himalayas.

Which is the driest part of India?

Jaisalmer
The driest place in India is Jaisalmer in Western Rajasthan, since this district receives the lowest annual rainfall in India, considering the past weather records.

Where is the wettest place on earth?

Mawsynram
The wettest place on Earth is Mawsynram, India (shown in Figure SM4. 2). Like all areas of South Asia that are under the influence of the monsoon system, Mawsynram does not receive its precipitation evenly during the course of the year. Instead, precipitation varies wildly by season.

What will happen if Himalayas are not there?

If there is no Himalayas, we all will see North India as a Dessert because the monsoon winds that come from the Bay of Bengal are being stopped and reflected by the Himalayan mountains. This mountain range prevents the monsoon winds from traveling to Central Asia, which is a good sign of rainfall.

Is Himalaya and Mount Everest same?

Mount Everest is actually part of the Himalayan mountain range, so its height is actually included in the total heights of all of the Himalaya…

What is orographic rainfall?

Orographic precipitation, rain, snow, or other precipitation produced when moist air is lifted as it moves over a mountain range. As the air rises and cools, orographic clouds form and serve as the source of the precipitation, most of which falls upwind of the mountain ridge.

Which is the most hottest city in India?

Churu currently is the hottest place in the country with a maximum temperature of 42.1 degrees Celsius. Followed by Pilani, again in Rajasthan with a maximum temperature of 41.7 degrees Celsius.

How does the Himalayas affect the climate of India?

India is located to the south of the Himalayas. Most of India experiences a warm, humid climate. The low latitudes and the warm Indian Ocean washing the southern shores of India influences the climate pattern of the country.

Why is the rainfall pattern in South India changing?

The rainfall pattern over southern India and the foothills of the Himalayas is expected to change and intensify drastically in the years to come, a study conducted by IIT Kharagpur has revealed. These changes will largely occur due to the shifts in monsoon’s spatio-temporal patterns (trends relating to space and time).

When does snow fall in the Himalaya region?

Most snowfall in the high mountains along the eastern swath of the region falls during the summer, when the powerful monsoon noses up into the mountains.

Where does the most precipitation occur in the Himalayas?

North of the Great Himalayas, at places such as Skardu, Gilgit, and Leh in the Kashmir portion of the Indus valley, only 3 to 6 inches (75 to 150 mm) of precipitation occur. Local relief and location determine climatic variation not only in different parts of the Himalayas but even on different slopes of the same range.