Press "Enter" to skip to content

How does climate affect water scarcity in Egypt?

How does climate affect water scarcity in Egypt?

In Egypt, possible risks induced by climate change include the following: (1) water scarcity due to the reduction of water supply from the Nile River and high water requirement for crops, and (2) salinity increase in irrigation water in the Nile Delta resulting from saltwater intrusion to shallow groundwater and water …

What is causing water scarcity in Egypt?

As it stands, a rapidly expanding population, wasteful irrigation practices, high levels of water pollution, and a lack of effective water recycling or desalination facilities have precipitated a sharp rise in Egypt’s water deficit.

What was the climate in Egypt?

Egypt’s climate is semi-desert characterized by hot dry summers, moderate winters and very little rainfall. There is some winter rain in the delta and along the Mediterranean coast, west of the delta. Non-renewable underground fossil water supplies are accessible outside the river valley, especially in the oases.

How does Egypt manage water scarcity?

The current water shortage in Egypt is 13.5 Billion cubic meter per year (BCM/yr) and is expected to continuously increase. Currently, this water shortage is compensated by drainage reuse which consequently deteriorates the water quality.

What are the causes and impacts of water scarcity in Egypt?

Egypt has been suffering from severe water scarcity in recent years. Uneven water distribution, misuse of water resources and inefficient irrigation techniques are some of the major factors playing havoc with water security in the country. Egypt is facing an annual water deficit of around 7 billion cubic metres.

How much water does Egypt get per year?

Nile River provides more than 95% of all water to Egypt. The annual rainfall varies from a maximum of 180mm/year on the North coast, to an average of 20 mm on the middle of Egypt to 2 mm/year on the Upper Egypt. Both water supply and demand are expected to be exaggerated by climate change.

What is the weather and climate in Egypt?

The climate is generally extremely dry all over the country except on the northern Mediterranean coast which receives rainfall in winter. In addition to rarity of rain, extreme heat during summer months is also a general climate feature of Egypt although daytime temperatures are more moderated along the northern coast .

How is the shortage of water affecting Egypt?

Most of the future projections indicate to declines in water availability, reach in some cases to 70% (El Guosy, 2008). Agriculture sector will be the most effected economic sector from the shortage of water, it consume 80% of water budget, absorb 40% of Egyptian labor, and constitutes 20% of gross national Product (GNP). 4

Why is Egypt worried about the Nile River?

This creates major concern for Egypt, who is worried that this damn would decrease the amount of water it receives (55.5 billion cubic meters) from the Nile River. Egypt is concerned that during dry months, not enough water will be released from the GERD thus decreasing the water received downstream.