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What was the process of Federation in Australia?

What was the process of Federation in Australia?

The Federation of Australia was the process by which the six separate British self-governing colonies of Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia, and Western Australia agreed to unite and form the Commonwealth of Australia, establishing a system of federalism in Australia.

Who were the people involved in the Australian Federation?

From Colonies to Federation

  • Biography: Sir Edmund Barton (1848-1920) Sir Edmund Barton, National Archives of Australia, A5954:1299/2 PHOTO PL 375/1.
  • Biography: Charles Cameron Kingston (1850-1908)
  • Biography: Alfred Deakin (1856-1919)
  • Biography: Sir Edward Braddon (1829-1904)
  • Biography: Catherine Helen Spence (1825-1910)

    Who are the 5 fathers of federation?

    A set of six fact sheets to use in the classroom for investigating key figures in Australian Federation.

    • Major-General Lachlan Macquarie.
    • Sir Henry Parkes.
    • Sir Edmund Barton.
    • Alfred Deakin.
    • Vida Goldstein.
    • Mary Lee.

      What was the process of the Federation of Australia?

      Australian Federation is the process by which six British colonies in Australia, Victoria, Queensland, New South Wales, South Australia, Western Australia and Tasmania, united and became the Commonwealth of Australia.

      Why did people not like the Federation of Australia?

      It goes without saying that we do not like to talk about it, but it is so.’ (John Forrest, later the Commonwealth Minister of Defence, at the Federation Convention of 1898.) At the time of Federation, most Australians feared that the introduction of people from non-European backgrounds would threaten the security and unity of the new nation.

      Who was the greatest supporter of the Federation of Australia?

      Sir Henry Parkes, Premier of New South Wales (the largest colony), was perhaps the greatest supporter of a federated Australia. In 1889 he gave a famous speech known as the ‘Tenterfield Oration’. In the speech he argued that Federation would allow Australia to have a united army for the country’s defence.

      Who was excluded from the federation movement in Australia?

      Few Europeans sought to migrate to Australia before World War One, but after the war, Southern Europeans as well as non-European migrants, were excluded from migrating to Australia. The majority of the leaders of the Federation movement felt that steps should be taken to produce a ‘White Australia’.