When did Riel take Fort Garry?
In 1836, however, in order to facilitate the general administrative and supply needs of the settlement, the HBC returned to the forks and built a new fort, Upper Fort Garry, near the old site. This fort was seized by Louis Riel during the Red River Rebellion of 1870.
Who captured Fort Garry?
In 1869, the Hudson’s Bay Company agreed to surrender its monopoly in the North-West, including Upper Fort Garry. In late 1869 and early 1870, the fort was seized by Louis Riel and his Métis followers during the Red River Rebellion. After the Rebellion, the area around the fort continued to grow.
Why did Riel want to take over Fort Garry?
Riel felt a dramatic gesture was needed to get Ottawa’s attention – to force Canada to negotiate with the inhabitants of Red River before taking over the territory. On November 2, Riel set out with a group of 120armed men for Fort Garry, the administrative centre of the region.
Who was involved in the capture of Fort Garry?
On December 10th, Riel formed a provisional government, proclaiming the end of Hudson’s Bay Company control over the Red River region. The government included both French and English inhabitants of the settlement. By the end of 1869, Riel seemed to have the advantage in Red River and was in a strong position to deal with Ottawa on his own terms.
What was the history of Lower Fort Garry?
Opponents of Métis leader Louis Riel rallied there in 1871 and the North West Mounted Police trained its first recruits at Lower Fort Garry. It was also the site of the signing of the first numbered treaties and it later served as a penitentiary and insane asylum.
When did the Metis take over Fort Garry?
McDougall nonetheless declared publicly that the Hudson’s Bay Company was no longer in control of the territory, and that Canada had asked for the transfer of sovereignty to be postponed. In the first few days of November 1869, the Métis and their leader Louis Riel occupied the Hudson’s Bay Company’s Fort Garry.