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Why was the Encomienda system created and implemented?

Why was the Encomienda system created and implemented?

In the early 16th century, the Spanish crown set up the encomienda system in the Americas to divide up the American Indian labor force in order to aid the development of their mining ecomony. The encomendero provided the laborers protection from warring tribes, and teachings in the Catholic faith.

How did the Encomienda system work in the Caribbean?

The encomienda system rewarded Spanish conquerors by allowing them exact both labor and tribute from defeated Moorish populations, while requiring the encomenderos to look after the physical and spiritual welfare of their workers.

How did the encomienda system affect the Taino people?

The encomienda system granted land to Spanish with total control over local people. This was one of the factors that led to the decline of the Taino people of the Caribbean.

How did the encomienda system harm the Native Americans?

How did the encomienda system affect native society? It created a class system in which natives were considered inferior to Europeans. It led to the deaths of more natives in worker revolts and during migrations. It meant that native farmers could only raise crops for food, not for cash.

How did the encomienda system work in the Americas?

The encomienda system had been used in feudal Spain during the reconquest and had survived in some form ever since. In the Americas, the first encomiendas were handed out by Christopher Columbus in the Caribbean. Spanish conquistadors, settlers, priests, or colonial officials were given a repartimiento, or grant of land.

Where did the word encomienda come from in Spanish?

The word encomienda comes from the Spanish word encomendar, meaning “to entrust.” The encomienda system had been used in feudal Spain during the reconquest and had survived in some form ever since. In the Americas, the first encomiendas were handed out by Christopher Columbusin the Caribbean.

Why did the Spanish Crown refuse to grant encomiendas?

The Spanish crown still steadfastly refused to grant encomiendas in perpetuity, however, so slowly these lands reverted to the crown. Some of the encomenderos managed to secure title-deeds to certain lands: unlike the encomiendas, these could be passed down from one generation to the next.

Why did Spain give the encomiendas to the conquistadors?

The Spanish crown reluctantly approved the granting of encomiendas because it needed to reward the conquistadors and establish a system of governance in the newly-conquered territories, and the encomiendas were a quick-fix that killed both birds with one stone.